A recent NY Times article by Alan Schwartz reports that the “The number of young American adults taking medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder nearly doubled from 2008 to 2012”. Medications prescribed to treat ADHD include stimulants like Adderall and Concerta, as well as newer nonstimulant formulations such as Strattera. In addition to ADHD, inattention can be cause by many factors such as lack of sleep, poor diet, and even anxiety. In these circumstances ADHD drugs may be detrimental and excessive prescriptions have fueled a black market for ADHD drugs in high school and college students who use them to improve focus and and cram for exams. Before reaching for prescription drugs, people with ADHD may want to consider alternative approaches to improve their memory and focus.